Jacobsen writes, "The houses were one or two rooms, with walls of wood, or wicker covered by clay... Among the crafts, weapon smithing was highly respected" (6).
They were also skilled in making jewelry, in ceramics, and in weaving.
Then the remnant of the Vandals who had escaped, collecting a band of their unwarlike folk, left their ill-fated country and asked the Emperor Constantine for Pannonia.
Here they made their home for about sixty years and obeyed the commands of the emperors like subjects (83-84).
The name "vandal" has now become synonymous with careless destruction owing to the accounts by Roman writers describing their violent behavior generally and their sack of Rome in 455 CE specifically.
The historian Torsten Cumberland Jacobsen, among others, has observed that this identification of wanton destruction with the Vandals is unfortunate.
98 CE), though he also refers to them as the "Lugi".
The Hasdingi were invited into Dacia by the Romans as allies during the Marcommanic Wars of 166-180 CE but, during and after the conflict, they seem to have caused more problems for Rome than provide assistance.
The "difficult and scanty sources" Jacobsen writes about come into play here as, according to , the Vandals were the allies of Marcus Aurelius while, according to Eutropius, they were his adversaries.
The historian Cassius Dio reports that they were neither but were simply farmers and federates of Rome who, in 171 CE, were allowed to live in Dacia under the rule of their kings Raus and Raptus.
Prior to this, however, they had been Rome's allies and, like the Goths, served in the military. In his At that time they dwelt in the land where the Gepidae now live, near the rivers Marisia, Miliare, Gilpil, and the Grisia, which exceeds in size all previously mentioned.
They then had on the east the Goths, on the west the Marcommani, on the north the Hermunduli and on the south the Hister, which is also called the Danube.Whichever the case, it seems clear from Tacitus' work that there were a number of distinct Germanic tribes who called "Vandals" by the Roman writers.